[Event "GotM #57"] [Site "Chelyabinsk"] [Date "1946.??.??"] [Round "?"] [White "Gusev, Yuri S"] [Black "Averbakh"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "B72"] [Annotator "Connaughton, Ken"] [PlyCount "73"] [EventDate "1946.??.??"] [EventCountry "URS"] 1. e4 c5 {Sicilian Defense} 2. Nf3 {Open Sicilian} d6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 g6 {Dragon Variation} 6. Be2 Nc6 7. Nb3 Bg7 8. O-O Be6 9. f4 {[%csl Ge4, Gf4][%CAl Gf4f5,Ge4e5] [#] White will push forward annexing space.} Rc8 10. f5 $5 {An energetic move, but not an infallible one. Black must respond in kind, with energy. White intends to smother him and he must break the ropes before he is bound.} Bd7 (10... gxf5 {to weaken and eventually destroy the pawns was the better route.}) 11. g4 $5 {[%CAl Rg4g5,Rc3d5] [#] This is the logical continuation of White's plan. White wants to constrict Black's space, leaving his pieces with no activity. Meanwhile White's own pieces would have the freedom of the board and he need not worry about his open Kingside as Black would not be in a position to attack.} Ne5 {Designed to blockade but will prove ineffective against the rolling pawn mass. He has missed his last chance to prevail in the battle for space.} (11... h6 {would defend g5.}) (11... gxf5 {was also much better than the text move.}) 12. g5 {Now that White's dubious plan was not nipped in the bud, he has a great advantage, but still there is work to be done to construct a winning plan.} Ng8 {A sad but necessary retreat. } 13. Nd5 {[%csl Gd5]} (13. f6 exf6 14. Qxd6 {was also possible.}) 13... f6 { He tries to halt the advance but the Kingside now becomes a prison for most of his pieces. They will become entombed.} (13... gxf5 {to break out was his best try.}) 14. Be3 b6 $2 {He defends a7 but there were more important things to do. } (14... fxg5 15. Bxa7 Nc4 16. Bxc4 Rxc4) 15. Nd4 Kf7 {[%CAl Ye7e6,Yg8e7,Yh8e8] Hoping to eventually release his pieces into action but his plan is too slow and White won't allow it.} 16. c3 {[%CAl Rd1b3] Important move, solidifying his citadel on the c-file and giving the White Queen access to the crucial a2-g8 diagonal.} Qe8 17. Ne6 {[#] White trades off his strong Knight for one of Black's less impressive pieces. He won't allow his opponent room to breathe. } Bxe6 18. fxe6+ Kf8 {[%csl Rg7,Rg8,Rh8] Black's pieces are horrible and have no future. How though can White break open the prison to execute the chief prisoner?} (18... Kxe6 $4 19. Qb3 Kd7 20. Qa4+ Rc6 21. Qxa7+ {is clearly not feasible for Black.}) 19. Nxf6 $1 (19. Qb3 {was just as good.}) 19... Nxf6 ( 19... exf6 $2 {is crushed by} 20. Qxd6+ Qe7 21. Qxe5) 20. gxf6 Bxf6 (20... exf6 {again runs into} 21. Qxd6+) 21. Bh6+ Kg8 22. Rxf6 $1 {to prevent ...Bg7} exf6 23. Qxd6 Rc6 {and it seems that e6 will fall and Black may even begin to sort out his chronic problems. But White comes up with one of the most genius positional sacrifices in the history of chess. His retention of his positional supremacy is much more important than any material considerations.} 24. Qxe5 $3 {[#] Yes he sacrifices the Queen to prevent Black from freeing up his pieces.} fxe5 {[%csl Rf7,Rf8,Rg7][%CAl Re6f7,Rh6g7,Rh6f8]} 25. Rf1 $1 {This makes f8 a mating square. Black has a sizeable material advantage, a Queen and Rook for two Bishops and a pawn.Yet White has the whip hand, all of his pieces are working hard while Black's are remarkably ineffective. The h8-Rook and the King will never escape from the corner. The Queen is forced to babysit f8 lest the White Rook swoops to give #. Black's best piece, the c6-Rook has no way to create problems for White on it's own. Even the e6-pawn can't be taken or Bc4 will deal a swift and terrible punishment.} Rc8 {To avoid getting pinned by Bb5.} (25... Qxe6 $4 26. Rf8#) (25... Rxe6 $4 26. Bc4 Qe7 27. Bxe6+ Qxe6 (27... Qf7 28. Bxf7#) 28. Rf8#) 26. Bd1 $1 {[%CAl Rd1b3] [#] with many possibilities.} Rc4 {Black must give up his only free piece for the mighty Bishop.} 27. Bb3 b5 28. Bxc4 $6 {Maybe not the best path to victory. It allows Black some resources to hold the position with perfect defense.} (28. a4 $3 {was the move to create a passed pawn that the Queen could not block along the dark diagonal. } a6 {Forced.} 29. axb5 axb5 30. Rf2 Qe7 31. Ba2 Qa7 32. b4 {Preparing for life after the Rook and Bishop are inevitably exchanged.} g5 33. Kf1 {[%CAl Rf2f8]} (33. Bxc4 $2 {Not the right time, Black can draw.} bxc4 34. Kg2 Qxf2+ $3 35. Kxf2 g4 36. b5 g3+ $1 {The plan is stalemate and White can't avoid it.} 37. Kg2 gxh2 38. Kxh2 {Black can't move, it's stalemate.} (38. Kh1 {Again stalemate.})) 33... Qe7 34. Bxc4 bxc4 {[%CAl Rb4b5,Rb5b6,Rb6b7,Rb7b8] And now the Queen stop the passer without leaving the dark diagonal. Win for White.}) 28... bxc4 {As before, despite his material advantage, none of Black's pieces can move. But how does White win?} 29. b3 {He creates a second weakness.} a5 ( 29... cxb3 $1 30. axb3 a5 $1 {[%CAl Ra5b4,Ye8e7,Ye7c5] would enable Black to stop the c-pawn on c5.}) 30. bxc4 Qe7 {Black can only wait.} 31. Kg2 {So the Queen can't give check while taking on c5.} Qa3 {e8 is no longer available to the Black Queen, she must remain permanently on this dark diagonal to prevent the c-pawn from advancing.} 32. Rf2 Qe7 {The Queen can't leave the diagonal. f8 must not be abandoned. It seems as if Black is holding somehow. White has a problem to find a way to push the pawn. He will have to use his King or get creative with the Rook to make progress. Either way the way forward to victory is very difficult.} 33. Rf1 g5 $2 {One mistake too many.} 34. Rf5 {[%csl Rc5, Rf8,Rg5] Now the Queen is overloaded, needing to defend f8, c5 and now also g5. A simple pawn advance is now all that's needed to win.} g4 35. c5 {[%CAl Rc5c6, Rc6c7,Rc7c8] The Queen can't stop the pawn as she must maintain control of the two mating squares, f8 and g5.} Qd8 (35... Qxc5 36. Rg5#) 36. c6 Qe7 37. c7 { [%CAl Rf5g5,Rc7c8,Rf5f8] [#] And now Black must resign.} 1-0
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