[Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.05"] [Round "1"] [White "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Black "Pillsbury, Harry Nelson"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "C30"] [Annotator "Lasker, Em."] [PlyCount "101"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e5 2. f4 Bc5 3. Nf3 d6 4. Bc4 Nc6 5. Nc3 Nf6 6. d3 Bg4 7. h3 Bxf3 ({ An early exchange of Bishop for Knight being as a rule objectionable, some of the best players prefer} 7... Be6 {relying on the speedy development of their pieces which, in their opinion, gives compensation for the doubled pawns after} 8. Bxe6 fxe6) 8. Qxf3 Nd4 9. Qg3 ({To play} 9. Qd1 {is hardly advisable. Although there might be no vital objection against it, yet it would seem that after} Nd7 {Black will obtain a free and open game with many good chances, having made no sacrifice in material or position whatever.}) 9... Nxc2+ 10. Kd1 Nxa1 11. Qxg7 Kd7 ({The only possible move in this position, as proved by "book" long ago. The reply to} 11... Rf8 {for instance, might be} 12. fxe5 dxe5 13. Rf1 Be7 14. Bg5 Nh5 15. Bxf7+ Kd7 16. Qxe5 {when obviously Black's game must fall to pieces.}) 12. fxe5 dxe5 13. Rf1 Be7 14. Qxf7 ({Although Mr. Tchigorin must have had his reasons for preferring this capture to the apparently stronger and more natural} 14. Bg5 {we fail to see what Black could have replied to such an attack. To corroborate our opinion we give the following variations:} Rg8 ({if} 14... Qf8 {(or 14...Qg8)} {then} 15. Bxf6 { and the exchange of Queens will turn out to the advantage of White, as the Black Knight at a1 is virtually lost}) ({If finally} 14... Kc8 15. Bxf6 Bxf6 16. Rxf6 Rg8 17. Qxh7 Rxg2 18. Qf5+ Kb8 (18... Qd7 19. Be6) 19. Rxf7 Rg8 20. Qxe5 {and Black is quite helpless}) 15. Qxf7 Rxg5 (15... Rf8 16. Qe6+ Ke8 17. Nd5 Nxd5 18. Rxf8+ Kxf8 19. Bxd5 Ke8 20. Qf7+ Kd7 21. Qf5+ {and wins the Queen or mates in two}) (15... Qf8 16. Qe6+ Kd8 17. Rxf6) (15... Kc8 16. Bxf6 Rf8 17. Bxe7 Rxf7 18. Rxf7 {speedily regains the Queen}) 16. Qe6+ Ke8 17. Rxf6 { threatening # in two by 18.Rf8+ Kxf8 19.Qf7#}) 14... Kc8 15. Bg5 Rf8 16. Qe6+ Kb8 17. Bh6 Re8 18. Qxe5 Nd7 19. Qh5 Nb6 ({So far Black's defensive maneuvers have been perfect. Although he is a Rook ahead, the strong position of all of the White pieces and pawns, the blocked positions of the King and Queen's Rook, and finally the exposure of the Knight at a1, place it beyond doubt that White must be in the advantage. Black ought, therefore, not to disdain a possible draw. His best course seems to be} 19... Bf8 20. Bg5 Be7 21. Bh6 Bf8 22. Be3 Bg7 23. Kd2 ({or} 23. Qxh7 Bxc3 24. bxc3 Ne5 {or 24...Nf6}) 23... Ne5 {when Black has a great many chances for a successful counterattack}) ({The move actually made} 19... Nb6 {makes it impossible for him to bring his Rook at e8 speedily into play, as now} 20. Bd5 Bf8 {would be answered by} 21. Qxe8 Qxe8 22. Rxf8) 20. Bd5 a6 21. Kd2 Nxd5 22. Nxd5 Rg8 23. g4 Bb4+ ({An ingenious maneuver, whose outcome is that the Bishop is exchanged for the Knight. Pretty though it is, it appears doubtful whether now was the opportune moment to exchange anything which only makes the White pawns so much stronger and his King safer. The right play seems to be} 23... Bc5 24. Rxa1 c6 25. Nc3 ({or} 25. Bf4+ Ka7 26. Nc7 Qd4) 25... Qd4 26. Rf1 Ka7 {leaving him with} 27. Qxc5+ Qxc5 28. Be3 Qxe3+ 29. Kxe3 Raf8 {and good chances for the ending.}) 24. Nxb4 Qd4 25. Nc2 Nxc2 26. Kxc2 Rg6 27. Bd2 Rd6 28. Rf3 Qa4+ 29. Kc1 ({Of course not} 29. Kb1 {on account of} Qd1+) 29... Qxa2 30. Bc3 Rc6 31. Qxh7 b5 32. Qe7 Qb3 33. Kd2 a5 34. Rf5 Kb7 35. Rc5 Raa6 36. g5 Rxc5 37. Qxc5 Rc6 38. Qd5 Qa4 39. g6 b4 40. g7 {[The decisive maneuver. Nothing can stop that pawn, nor has the Black Queen any checks for the present.]} bxc3+ 41. bxc3 Qa1 42. g8=Q Qxc3+ 43. Ke2 Qc2+ 44. Kf3 Qd1+ 45. Kg3 Qg1+ 46. Kh4 Qf2+ 47. Kh5 Qf3+ 48. Qg4 Qf6 49. Qgf5 Qh6+ 50. Kg4 Qg7+ 51. Qg5 {[At last the moment has arrived - which by necessity had to arrive sooner or later, the Black Rook being pinned and the checks having exhausted themselves. Black therefore resigns the hopeless fight. ]} 1-0 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.06"] [Round "2"] [White "Lasker, Emanuel"] [Black "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "D07"] [Annotator "Steinitz, W."] [PlyCount "112"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. d4 d5 2. Nf3 Bg4 3. c4 Bxf3 4. gxf3 Nc6 5. Nc3 e6 6. e3 Bb4 7. cxd5 Qxd5 8. Bd2 Bxc3 9. bxc3 {[Tchigorin's practical genius is almost privileged to defy theoretical modern principles, but I must consistently dissent. Black's game is inferior. White's two Bishops and his compact center will more than neutralize the drawback of the doubled f-pawns, and the two open files for the Rooks ought also to outweigh the isolation of the a- and h-pawns, which are practically inaccessible to Black's attack. With little alterations, chiefly of a transposing character, White has copied the lines of attack first adopted by Steinitz in his second Havanna match against Tchigorin, 1892.]} Nge7 10. Rg1 ({Not good, if only because} 10. e4 {was so much better, for then if} Qh5 11. Rb1 {[%CAl Yb1b5] threatening 12.Rb5. White had also no reason to abandon so soon his option of castling Kingside and brining the Rooks into communication. His menace against the adverse Kingside amounts to nought.}) 10... Qh5 11. Qb3 ({If} 11. Rxg7 Ng6 {followed soon by ...Kf8, winning.}) 11... Nd8 ({If} 11... b6 12. Qa4 {and Black dare not capture the f-pawn on account of 13.Bg2. Nor would} Qxh2 13. Rxg7 {be favorable to Black's game.}) 12. Qb5+ ({Good enough probably; yet a more lively line of play like} 12. Rg3 Qxh2 13. e4 Qh5 14. c4 { would, I believe, yield an attack worth a pawn.}) 12... Qxb5 13. Bxb5+ c6 14. Bd3 Ng6 15. f4 ({If he intended in the near future to dissolve the doubled pawns by f4-f5, then this was all right. But events show that he does not, and no good cause can be given why five of his center pawns should all be placed on dark squares and on diagonals where they exercise little command. White should have played} 15. e4 {with the view perhaps of proceeding with c3-c4 later, which would have grouped a strong front of pawns abrest. Then} e5 { which perhaps he feared, would have been no good on account of simply} 16. dxe5 Nxe5 17. Be2) 15... O-O 16. Ke2 Rc8 17. Rg3 c5 18. Rag1 c4 19. Bc2 f5 { [Black's tactical skill has been assisted by weak strategical disposition on the other side, and the force of White's two Bishops and of his center pawns is at least neutralized. White has neglected to dissolve his doubled pawns which are now fixed for good until it will be convient for his oponent to mark them for attack. The useless show of the Rooks on the g-file is retracted by Lasker himself from the 24th to the 28th move.]} 20. Bc1 Rf7 21. Ba3 Rc6 22. Bc5 Ra6 23. a4 Nc6 24. Rb1 Rd7 25. Rgg1 Nge7 26. Rb2 Nd5 27. Kd2 Ra5 {[The manner in which this Rook is shut out later on must create doubts whether this piece could not have been better employed.]} 28. Rgb1 b6 29. Ba3 g6 30. Rb5 Ra6 31. Bc1 Nd8 32. Ra1 Nf7 33. Rbb1 Nd6 ({Now, and not two moves later, was the time for breaking in by} 33... g5 {with the continuation} 34. fxg5 Nxg5 35. Ra3 Ne4+ (35... Nf3+ 36. Ke2 Nxh2 37. f3) 36. Bxe4 fxe4 {[%CAl Yd7g7] followed soon by ...Rg7, and Black has a winning attack.}) 34. f3 Nf7 35. Ra3 g5 { [Black has given the adversary time to prepare a cunning device which renders this onslaught ineffectual now.]} 36. Ke2 gxf4 37. e4 Nf6 38. Bxf4 ({Much better than} 38. exf5 exf5 39. Bxf5 Re7+ 40. Kf2 Nd6 {and depending where the Bishop retreats, Black protects his pawn by 41...Nd5 or 41...Nh5.}) 38... Nh5 39. Be3 f4 40. Bf2 Ra5 41. Rg1+ Kf8 42. Raa1 e5 43. Rab1 Ng7 44. Rb4 Rc7 45. Bb1 Ne6 46. Rd1 Ned8 47. Rd2 ({White's Rooks have been moved about thoughtlessly for he most part without sufficient reason or inflicting harm; but this loses a pawn, which might have been avoided by} 47. Ba2 b5 48. Rxb5 Rxa4 49. Rb2) 47... Nc6 48. Rb5 ({If} 48. Rxc4 Nxd4+ {winning the Exchange.}) 48... Rxa4 49. dxe5 Nfxe5 50. Bh4 Rg7 51. Kf2 Rg6 52. Rdd5 Ra1 ({Hardly as reliable as} 52... Rh6 53. Bg5 Rxh2+ 54. Kf1 Ra1 55. Bxf4 Rxb1+ {followed by 56...Rh1+, and after the exchanges Black's Queenside will win, especially as White's c-pawn will also fall soon.}) 53. Bd8 Nd3+ {[Compulsory now, as White threatened 54.Bc7.]} 54. Bxd3 cxd3 55. Rxd3 ({A blunder, which loses at once a hard fought game. After} 55. Bc7 Ra2+ 56. Kf1 Rgg2 ({if} 56... d2 57. Rb1 { [%CAl Yb1d1] followed by 58.Rd1}) 57. Rxd3 ({not} 57. Bxf4 Raf2+ 58. Ke1 Rxf3 { threatening 59...Re2+ and wins}) 57... Rxh2 58. Kg1 {and it is not clear that Black can win.}) 55... Rag1 {[White cannot save the mate except at the cost of a piece by 56.Rg5 or 56.Bg5.]} 56. Rf5+ Ke8 0-1 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.07"] [Round "3"] [White "Mason, James"] [Black "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "C55"] [Annotator "Schiffers, E."] [PlyCount "68"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Nf6 4. d3 Bc5 5. Be3 Bxe3 ({Apparently better than} 5... Bb6 {Anyhow, Black loses no time in developing his game. The open file does not prove dangerous.}) 6. fxe3 O-O 7. Nc3 d6 8. O-O ({Here White should have played} 8. a3 {as then Black would have no advantage in moving ...Na5, and if} Be6 {then} 9. Bxe6 {with a perfectly even game. In the present instance it would be more advantageous to allow the exchange of Bishops than to give up the Bishop for the Knight}) (8. d4 {is bad, as it completely weakens White's center.}) 8... Na5 9. Bb3 c6 10. Qe1 Nxb3 11. axb3 Ng4 12. h3 Nh6 13. g4 {[Evidently to prevent 13...f5.]} Kh8 14. Qg3 Be6 15. Kh2 f6 16. Rf2 Qe7 17. Rg1 g5 18. Kh1 Rg8 19. Rgf1 Rg6 20. Nh2 Ng8 21. Qf3 {[This move makes a place for the Knight at g3, but does not prevent the advance ...h7-h5.]} Rf8 ({Tchigorin remarks that it would be better to play at once} 21... h5) 22. Ne2 h5 23. gxh5 Rh6 24. Kg2 Qd7 25. Rh1 d5 26. Ng4 ({White has no better move; the h-pawn cannot be retained. Upon} 26. Nf1 {may follow} g4) 26... Rxh5 27. Ng3 ({ Here} 27. Nxe5 {could have been played. The best reply was} Qh7 ({but if} 27... Qh7 28. exd5 g4 29. Nxg4 Bxg4 30. Qxg4 Rg5 31. Qxg5 fxg5 32. Rxf8 {and wins, having two Rooks and two pawns for the Queen with a better position}) 28. exd5 cxd5 {[%CAl Yf8c8] White is a pawn ahead, but Black threatens 29...Rc8 and gets an attacking position.}) 27... dxe4 28. dxe4 Bxg4 29. hxg4 Rxh1 30. Kxh1 Rd8 31. Rh2+ Kg7 32. Nf5+ Kf8 33. Qf2 ({If} 33. Rh8 {then} Qd2 {and then} 34. Nh6 Qe1+ 35. Kh2 Rd2+ 36. Kh3 Qh4#) 33... Qd1+ 34. Kg2 Rd2 0-1 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.09"] [Round "4"] [White "Schiffers, Emanuel"] [Black "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "C56"] [Annotator "Pillsbury, H. N."] [PlyCount "39"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Nf6 4. d4 exd4 5. O-O Nxe4 6. Re1 d5 7. Bxd5 Qxd5 8. Nc3 Qd8 ({Instead} 8... Qf5 9. Nxe4 ({if for White} 9. Rxe4+ Be7 10. Nxd4 Nxd4 11. Qxd4 Be6 {and White dare not capture the proffered pawn} 12. Qxg7 {on account of} Bf6 13. Qg3 O-O-O 14. Re1 Rhg8 15. Qf4 Rxg2+ 16. Kxg2 Qh3+ 17. Kh1 Bxc3 {and wins}) 9... Be7 10. Bg5 O-O 11. Nxd4 Qg6 {leads to an equal game.}) 9. Rxe4+ Be6 ({Very inferior to} 9... Be7 10. Nxd4 f5 11. Rf4 O-O 12. Nxc6 Qxd1+ 13. Nxd1 bxc6 {Black's two Bishops should prove ample compensation for the doubled pawns.}) 10. Nxd4 Nxd4 11. Rxd4 Qc8 12. Bg5 f6 ({This move should have cost Black the game at once.} 12... Be7 {was the only resource.}) 13. Qe2 ({The following variation (first pointed out by Mr. Lipschutz of New York) forces a winning attack:} 13. Bxf6 gxf6 14. Qh5+ Bf7 15. Re1+ Be7 16. Qh6 Qf5 17. Nb5 ({not} 17. Rde4 {which allows} O-O-O) 17... Qxb5 18. Qxf6 O-O 19. Rg4+ Bg6 20. Rxg6+ hxg6 21. Qxg6+ Kh8 22. Rxe7 {and wins.}) 13... Bc5 ({An oversight which loses in a few moves. Instead} 13... Kf7 14. Re1 Bd6 {(if 14... fxg5 15.Rd8 and wins) leaves Black with a fairly good game.}) 14. Qb5+ c6 15. Qxc5 fxg5 16. Re1 b6 17. Qe5 (17. Qf5 {was move direct and decisive.}) 17... Kf7 18. Ne4 Qg8 19. Nxg5+ Kg6 20. Nxe6 1-0 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.10"] [Round "5"] [White "Tarrasch, Siegbert"] [Black "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "D00"] [Annotator "Pillsbury, H. N."] [PlyCount "72"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. d4 d5 2. e3 Nf6 3. Bd3 Nc6 {[A favorite idea of the Russian master, who aims to secure an open game in this and similar variations of the d-pawn openings by advancing ...e7-e5 at the earliest possible moment.]} 4. f4 (4. Nf3 {would be met by} Bg4 {and if} 5. Be2 Bxf3 6. Bxf3 e5) 4... Nb4 5. Nf3 (5. Be2 Bf5 6. Na3 e6 7. c3 Nc6 8. Nc2 Ne4 9. Nf3 Bd6 {was probably a better method of procedure in this position than the text continuation. Black's two Bishops come strongly in evidence later on, and the open c-file White is not able to utilize.}) 5... Nxd3+ 6. cxd3 e6 7. O-O Be7 8. Nbd2 (8. Nc3 {seems preferable.} ) 8... O-O 9. Qc2 Bd7 10. Nb3 Ba4 11. Qc3 b6 12. Qe1 c5 13. Bd2 Bb5 14. Ne5 Nd7 15. Nc1 Nxe5 16. dxe5 Rc8 17. Rf2 f6 18. Bc3 d4 19. exd4 cxd4 20. exf6 Rxf6 21. Bb4 Bc5 22. Bxc5 bxc5 23. Qd2 Qd6 24. Ne2 Rcf8 25. Raf1 Qd5 26. Ng3 e5 { [White has labored under a disadvantage since the opening owing to the weak pawn at d3, but Black up to this point has been unable to make much of it. With the text move he prepares a deep trap involving the sacrifice of the Exchange, obtaining a winning superiority in pawn position.]} 27. f5 ({White could not afford this continuation. Better would be} 27. Ne4 Rxf4 28. Rxf4 exf4 29. Rxf4 Rxf4 30. Qxf4 {(threatening 31.Qb8+), with fully an equal game.}) 27... c4 28. Ne4 cxd3 29. Nxf6+ Rxf6 30. Rc1 h6 31. Rc8+ Kh7 32. Qb4 Bc6 33. Qb8 (33. Rf8 {was better, but would not save the game either.}) 33... Rxf5 34. Rh8+ Kg6 35. Rf8 Rg5 36. R8f3 d2 0-1 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.12"] [Round "6"] [White "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Black "Teichmann, Richard"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "C00"] [Annotator "Tarrasch, S."] [PlyCount "61"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e6 2. Qe2 Nc6 ({I consider the best to be} 2... Be7 {though 2...c5 is also good.}) 3. Nf3 e5 {[This gives an open game.]} 4. c3 Nf6 5. d3 Be7 (5... d5 {[%CAl Yc8e6] is stronger, planning 6...Be6, ...Qd7 and ...0-0-0.}) 6. g3 { [This development of the King's Bishop is the natural consequence of 2.Qe2.]} d5 7. Bg2 dxe4 ({With this Black plays in the center, and fights for a chance to get an advantage there. However, again} 7... Be6 {was in every way stronger, followed by 8...Qd7 and ...0-0-0. The d-file opened by the text is more serviceable to White than to Black.}) 8. dxe4 Bd6 {[Unintelligible and at present unnecessary.]} 9. Nbd2 O-O 10. Nc4 Be6 11. O-O Ne8 {[Black plays the whole game at least weakly, as is often the case when the opponent plays very strongly. The Kinght soon becomes stifled here and remains so to the end.]} 12. b4 {[Tchigorin gets points of attack for himself in a clever way.]} a6 13. Rd1 Qe7 14. a4 f6 15. Ba3 b5 {[From this point Black get into serious difficulty. He wishes to drive away the threatening Knight, which he could have done before without disadvantage. The consequence of the text move is that the whole of Black's Queenside becomes weak, and White gains sole control of the open a-file.]} 16. axb5 axb5 17. Ne3 Rb8 {[The b-pawn must be defended.] } 18. Bc1 {[In order to unmask the Rook.]} Nd8 (18... Nd8 {[%CAl Yc7c6] planning 19...c6, and then ...Bf7 and ...Ne6, which White seeks to prevent.}) 19. Ra7 Nc6 20. Ra6 Nd8 21. Nd5 Qd7 ({If} 21... Bxd5 22. exd5 {and the cleverly isolated pawn at b5 is threatened with capture after Ra5 and Bf1.}) 22. Ne1 {[In order to get possession of c5.]} c6 23. Ne3 Qb7 24. Ra1 Bc7 { [Black has temporarily driven back the White forces. Nevertheless, he does not accomplish his planned development of the Knight at e6.]} 25. Nf5 Bb6 ({If} 25... Bxf5 26. exf5 {the h1-a8 diagonal is opened, and therewith an attack on Black's Queenside pawns}) ({It would now be best to play} 25... g6) 26. Be3 { [In order to guarantee the Knight an entrance at c5.]} Bxe3 27. Qxe3 Rf7 28. Nd3 {[The decisive, well-prepared move; 29.Nc5 is now threatened, followed by Rxd8 and Nxe6.]} Bc8 (28... Ra8 {would be better, but then White has a particularly well-developed game.}) 29. Nxe5 fxe5 30. Rxd8 Be6 ({If} 30... Bxf5 31. Rxb8 Qxb8 32. exf5 {and Black has a lost game.}) 31. Nd6 {[This game is an excellent example of the modern school of play.]} 1-0 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.13"] [Round "7"] [White "Burn, Amos"] [Black "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "D46"] [Annotator "Blackburne, J. H."] [PlyCount "126"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Nf3 c6 {[A defense very often adopted at the present time, the idea being to break up the center later on by ...e6-e5.]} 5. e3 Bd6 6. Bd3 Nbd7 7. O-O O-O 8. Bd2 {[The masters of fifty years ago or more considered the Bishop better posted here than on b2, and a few of the present masters are inclined to agree with them.]} Re8 9. Qc2 h6 10. Rad1 ({This turns out to be a lost move.} 10. Rfe1 {and 11.e4 is good}) ({or perhaps better still is} 10. cxd5 {followed by 11.Rac1.}) 10... Qc7 11. Rc1 Qb8 {[To prevent cxd5 when the Black e-pawn advances.]} 12. Rfe1 ({Better to have played} 12. cxd5 {before this move.}) 12... dxc4 13. Bxc4 e5 14. g3 Nb6 15. Bf1 Bg4 16. Nh4 (16. Nxe5 {would have led to a perfectly even game. The move made allows Black to obtain the better, if not a winning, position.}) 16... e4 17. Be2 Qc8 18. Qd1 Bxe2 19. Qxe2 g5 20. Ng2 Qh3 21. f3 exf3 22. Qxf3 Ng4 23. Ne4 {[This is all very ingenious, but of no avail.]} Rxe4 {[This is the winning move, but almost forced as White threatened 24.Qxg4 followed by 25.Nf6+ regaining the Queen with a winning advantage.]} 24. Qxe4 Qxh2+ ({Here he does not take full advantage of his position. Black ought to play 24...Nd5. For example} 24... Nd5 25. Bc3 ({White may also play} 25. Red1 Qxh2+ 26. Kf1 Ngf6 27. Qf5 Bxg3 28. Ne1 Nf4 {and mate follows in two or three moves}) 25... Ndf6 26. Qf3 Nh5 27. Red1 Nxh2 28. Qf2 Bxg3 {and wins in a few more moves.}) 25. Kf1 Qxg3 26. Ke2 ({ This ought to have lost right off.} 26. Re2 {is the only possible chance of escaping.}) 26... Nf2 ({The play hereabout is of a most extraordinary character, and unaccountable - unless, which is very probable, both players were pressed for time. It will be seen that the simple} 26... Qf2+ {wins, and now no matter where the King moves 27...Nf6 wins at least a piece.}) 27. Qf5 Qxg2 28. Rg1 Qe4 29. Qxf2 Nd5 30. Rgf1 Qg6 31. Kd1 Re8 32. Rc2 Re7 33. Kc1 Bb4 34. Re1 Qe4 35. a3 Bxd2+ 36. Rxd2 f5 37. Rde2 Kg7 38. Qh2 Nf6 39. Kd2 c5 40. Kc1 ({The reply to} 40. dxc5 {would be} Qc4) 40... cxd4 41. exd4 Qc6+ 42. Kb1 Ne4 43. Ka1 Rd7 44. Qh3 g4 45. Qe3 Qd6 46. d5 {[Doubtless the game is gone, but still this pawn ought not to have been given up without a struggle.]} Qxd5 47. Qf4 h5 48. Rf1 Kg6 49. Qb8 Rd8 50. Qf4 Re8 51. Rc2 Qe5 52. Qc1 h4 53. Rh1 h3 54. Rc8 Rxc8 55. Qxc8 Nf6 56. Qc2 Qe4 57. Qh2 f4 58. Rg1 f3 59. Qg3 ({ It is obvious that} 59. Qxh3 {is useless on account of} f2) 59... Qe2 60. Re1 Qg2 61. Qd6 f2 62. Qd3+ Ne4 63. Rxe4 f1=Q+ 0-1 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.14"] [Round "8"] [White "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Black "Blackburne, Joseph Henry"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "C00"] [Annotator "Steinitz, W."] [PlyCount "111"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e6 2. Qe2 (2. Qe2 {Mr. Tchigorin considers this the strongest continuation in the French Defense. Having adopted it first in his match against Tarrasch, he has faithfully adhered to his innovation, and especially in this tournament, with great success. It is difficult to pass judgement on such a move, but I am inclined to believe that its first effect, namely of delaying the advance of the adverse d-pawn} d5 {in which case White gains a move by} 3. exd5 Qxd5 4. Nc3 {is at least neutralized by the restriction placed on his King's Bishop.}) 2... b6 ({The order of development which I would select for Black would be} 2... c5 {then ...Nc6, ...d6, ...Nf6, ...Be7, and ...0-0, after which ...d6-d5 will give the second player a strong attack.}) 3. g3 Bb7 4. Bg2 Be7 5. d3 f5 6. Nh3 Nf6 7. Nc3 O-O 8. O-O fxe4 {[He is bound to unlock the position, for White threatens to do so by 9.exf5 with a slight advantage.]} 9. Nxe4 Nxe4 10. Bxe4 Bxe4 11. Qxe4 Nc6 12. Nf4 Bd6 {[White's Queen had more freedom, but this move is not impressive. Altogether the game was even up to this blunder, which loses an important pawn.]} 13. Nxe6 dxe6 14. Qxc6 Qf6 15. Qe4 Rae8 16. c3 ({Neglect on both sides. Black should have played ...c7-c5 or ...e6-e5 before now, and White ought to have advanced} 16. d4 { at this point, thus establishing a majority of pawns on the Queenside.}) 16... e5 17. Be3 Re7 18. Rae1 ({White finds it difficult now to make his superiority of pawns effective, and shifting his forces to the center files proves useless. The better plan was} 18. b4 {[%CAl Ya2a5] followed by a2-a4 -a5, after which he could either press the attack further on the Queenside by Qb7, or esle by doubling Rooks on the a-file before exchanging pawns.}) 18... Kh8 19. Kg2 Qf7 20. a3 Qh5 21. h3 Qe8 22. Re2 Qd7 23. Rd2 a5 24. Re1 Qc8 25. c4 {[White is getting impatient and forms another plan, which suffers from the drawback that his d-pawn is left vey weak.]} c5 26. Rde2 Bc7 27. Bd2 Ref7 28. Bc3 Rf5 29. Rf1 {[The play on both sides, and the number of moves, indicate time pressure.]} Qd8 30. Rfe1 Qg5 31. Qg4 Qf6 ({This looks feasible, but is fraught with disaster.} 31... Qd8 {or 31...Qh6 would have maintained the balance of position in spite of the pawn minus.}) 32. f4 {[With keen insight White grasps the situation.]} Qc6+ 33. Qf3 Qxf3+ 34. Kxf3 Rd8 ({Black preceives too late that if} 34... exf4 35. Re7 fxg3+ 36. Kg2 Rf2+ 37. Kg1 Bd8 38. Bxg7+ Kg8 39. Bxf8 {and wins. However the text moves should also lose straight off.}) 35. Bxe5 ({Of course good enough, but evidently still better was} 35. Ke4 {which gave him two clear pawns ahead.}) 35... Bxe5 36. Rxe5 Rxd3+ 37. R1e3 Rxe3+ 38. Kxe3 Rf8 39. Re6 Rb8 40. Ke4 Kg8 41. Kd5 Kf7 42. Re3 ({Time pressure may have induced the play here. The retreat was unneccessary, while} 42. a4 {reduced chances of prolonging the game.}) 42... a4 43. Kc6 Rd8 44. b3 Rd4 45. Kxb6 axb3 46. Kxc5 b2 47. Rb3 Rd3 48. Rb7+ Kf6 49. Rxb2 Rxg3 {[Certainly ill-judged. If he meant to go on at all the a-pawn was the most dangerous and should have been captured. White was bound to lose another pawn afterwards, and there was some more room for fight, though no doubt by proper play the result could not be altered.]} 50. a4 Rxh3 51. a5 Ra3 52. Kb6 h5 53. c5 Ke7 54. c6 Kd8 55. Kb7 Rc3 56. a6 1-0 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.16"] [Round "9"] [White "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Black "Gunsberg, Isidor"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "C51"] [Annotator "Tarrasch, S."] [PlyCount "95"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 Bc5 6. O-O d6 7. d4 exd4 8. cxd4 Bb6 9. Nc3 Bg4 10. Bb5 Kf8 11. Be3 Nge7 {[This position has often occurred before, and my opinion is that White has a far superior game - complete freedom and opportunity for attack on all sides. It is difficult for Black to develop or even to find a counter attack. True, Black has an extra pawn, but it is of very little use or importance; with equal players six times out of ten White would win.]} 12. a4 a5 {[One might suggest here or there some defensive move, but what is the good if one cannot recommend a complete play of defense with any prospect of success?]} 13. Bc4 {[%CAl Rc4f7] [Threatens 14. Bxf7 Kxf7 15.Ng5+.]} Bh5 14. Kh1 {[With the intention of moving the Queen and recapturing with the g-pawn if ...Bxf3, then to occupy the open g-file with the Rook. White can allow himself such preparation - although his attack at present is not strong, it is extraordinarily persistent.]} Nb4 {[This is what I call a defensive plan. Black wishes to break up the center with ...d5 and to get the Knight there, using it as a basis for operations. But what is the use of this pretty idea if it can be frustrated at once by the opponent?]} 15. d5 $1 Bxe3 {[The best chance for Black, though the f-file is opened. if Black permits 16.Bxb6 doubling his b-pawn, it would only produce a fresh weakness that even the Steinitzian ...Nc8 could not assist.]} 16. fxe3 Ng6 17. Be2 Kg8 { [Black is prepared to exchange his Bishop, but White's pawns, strong center and open file are ready to keep up the attack.]} 18. Rc1 h6 {[%CAl Yg8h7] [In order to play ...Kh7 and free the Rook.]} 19. Nd4 Bxe2 20. Qxe2 Na6 ({With} 20... Ne5 {which was better, Black could prevent the development of the coming attack. Nevertheless, White could oppose the Knight at any time with Nf3 and eventually remove it.}) 21. Rf3 Ne5 22. Rg3 {[White does not mind shutting his Rook for a short time.]} Kh7 23. Rf1 Nc5 24. Qh5 {[This threatens 25.Rxf7 Nxf7 26.Qg6+.]} Rg8 {[This Rook plays a wretched part throughout the game.]} 25. Nf5 {[Threatening 26.Rxg7+ Rxg7 27.Qxh6+.]} Qf8 26. Rh3 {[%CAl Yf1f4,Yf4h4,Yh5h6] [To prevent 26...g6.]} Ncd7 {[White threatened 27.Rf4, then Rf4-h4 and Qxh6+!.] } 27. Nb5 Rc8 28. Qe2 (28. Qe2 {To meet} Nf6 {with} 29. Nxh6 {and 30.Rxf6.}) 28... Rh8 29. Nbd4 c5 {[Black does not know what to move, and in his place I would not know either. He makes another mistake - a psychological necessity in sad positions.]} 30. Nb5 Ra8 31. Nbxd6 Ra6 32. Nb5 Rg6 33. Rh4 {[White brings back the Rook at the right moment, and at the same time keeps the Black Rook from g4.]} Qd8 34. Rhf4 b6 35. Nfd6 Rf6 36. Qh5 {[Threatening 37.Rxf6, and if 37...Nxf6 38.Qxe5.]} Ng6 37. Nxf7 {[The end. Gunsberg, it is true, has played this game like a player of the second rank; but this shall be no blame to him, for after the first dozen moves there were no moves of the first rank left to be played.]} Nxf4 38. exf4 Qf8 39. Ng5+ Kg8 40. Ne6 Qf7 41. Qh3 Nf8 42. Nd6 Qd7 43. e5 Rxe6 44. dxe6 Qxe6 45. Qg3 Nd7 46. Re1 Nf8 47. f5 Qd7 48. e6 1-0 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.17"] [Round "10"] [White "Bird, Henry Edward"] [Black "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Result "1/2-1/2"] [ECO "C52"] [Annotator "Albin, A."] [PlyCount "71"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 Ba5 6. Qb3 Qf6 {[Many are of the opinion that this defense is very bizarre, but of course much depends on the line on attack adopted by White. We find that Herr Tchigorin now plays ... Bb6 instead of ...Nh6, as did his opponent Mr. Steinitz in their cable match. These being two essential points of this defense it is not easy to find the right continuation for White.]} 7. O-O Bb6 8. d4 exd4 9. e5 Qg6 10. cxd4 Nxd4 11. Nxd4 Bxd4 12. Nc3 Nh6 13. Be3 (13. Ba3 {would have been stronger, and if} c5 {then} 14. Nb5 {with a strong attack.}) 13... Bxe5 14. Bxh6 {[White's resources are at an end and Black should win this game.]} Qxh6 15. g3 O-O 16. Rfe1 d6 17. Rac1 c6 18. Qb1 b5 19. Bd3 Bb7 20. Nd1 a6 21. Ne3 c5 22. Nf5 Qf6 23. Be4 Bxe4 24. Qxe4 Rae8 25. Kg2 Re6 26. Qg4 Rfe8 27. Rc2 Qg6 28. Qf3 h5 29. Rce2 c4 30. Nh4 Qd3 31. Qc6 Bf6 ({A weak move which allows a forced draw. The winning move is I think} 31... d5 {(The latter part of this game was rapidly played. Mr. Bird's trap was ingenious, and he is unequalled at the lighting style. -Cheshire)}) 32. Rxe6 Rxe6 33. Rxe6 fxe6 34. Qe8+ Kh7 35. Qxh5+ Kg8 36. Qe8+ 1/2-1/2 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.19"] [Round "11"] [White "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Black "Marco, Georg"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "C00"] [Annotator "Teichmann, R."] [PlyCount "73"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e6 2. Qe2 e5 {[I do not think that this is a loss of time. The position of the White Queen on e2 is, to say the least, no advantage for White.]} 3. g3 Nc6 4. Bg2 Bc5 ({Here I prefer} 4... Nf6 {then 5...Be7 6...d5, with a view of pushing it to d4 if White does not take it.}) 5. c3 Nf6 6. Nf3 d6 7. d3 O-O 8. Nbd2 Ng4 ({The counterattack is a little premature;} 8... a6 {first would have been better.}) 9. O-O f5 10. b4 Bb6 11. Nc4 fxe4 12. dxe4 Ne7 {[It is very curious that already in this position Black has almost a hopeless game. He can do nothing against the threatened 13.a4, after which he have to move the a-pawn and allow White to isolate the d-pawn.]} 13. a4 Ng6 14. a5 Bxf2+ 15. Rxf2 Nxf2 16. Qxf2 d5 17. Ne3 c6 ({Best. Of course, if} 17... dxe4 18. Qa2+ Kh8 {and} 19. Ne1 {with a very good game.}) 18. Qa2 Be6 19. Nf1 h6 20. Be3 Rf6 21. Qc2 Bg4 22. N3d2 d4 {[Having now got a game that seems to afford good chances for a prolonged fight, he throws it away at once by this blunder, which costs a valuable pawn. The Black position falls to pieces after this.]} 23. cxd4 exd4 24. Qc4+ Kh7 25. Bxd4 Rd6 26. Bc3 Rd3 27. Re1 Qd7 28. Re3 Rd8 29. e5 Rxe3 30. Nxe3 Be6 31. Qc5 Qd3 32. Be4 Qe2 33. Ndf1 Rd7 34. Ba1 Qa2 35. Qc3 h5 36. Bb2 Rf7 37. Qc2 1-0 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.20"] [Round "12"] [White "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Black "Walbrodt, Carl August"] [Result "1/2-1/2"] [ECO "C31"] [Annotator "von Bardeleben, C."] [PlyCount "101"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e5 2. f4 d5 3. Nf3 dxe4 4. Nxe5 Bd6 ({The best move. Disadvantagious would be} 4... Be6 {because of} 5. Qe2) 5. d4 exd3 6. Bxd3 Nf6 7. O-O O-O 8. Nc3 Nbd7 ({I prefer} 8... c5) 9. Nxd7 Qxd7 10. Qf3 Rb8 {[In order to allow 11...b6.]} 11. f5 b6 12. Bg5 Bb7 13. Qh3 Nd5 14. Ne4 ({Preferable would be} 14. Nxd5 Bxd5 15. Rfe1) 14... f6 15. Bd2 Rbe8 16. Rad1 Re5 17. Kh1 Rfe8 18. Nxd6 Qxd6 19. Qg3 Qc5 20. Bh6 {[The attack introduced by this move proves disadvantageous, but in any case White's position would be precarious.]} R8e7 21. c4 Ne3 22. Be4 ({This move looks brilliant, but really is bad, giving the second player the superior game. Better would be} 22. Bxe3 Rxe3 23. Qf2) 22... Nxd1 23. Rxd1 Qd6 {[Very well played. The first player probably overlooked this move when he played 22.Be4.]} 24. Rxd6 cxd6 25. Be3 {[White is obliged to give up a piece.]} Rxe4 26. Bf2 Rxc4 27. h3 Rc6 28. Kh2 Re5 29. Qd3 h6 (29... Re8 {would be better.}) 30. b4 ({Both players overlooked that White could win a pawn by} 30. Bg3 Re8 31. Bxd6 {and if} Rd8 32. Qb3+) 30... a6 31. Qb3+ Kf8 32. Bg3 Re7 33. a4 b5 34. a5 Ke8 35. h4 Rc4 36. Qd1 d5 37. Bf2 Kf7 38. g4 Kg8 ( {Here Black misses an opportuntiy to get the superior game. He should have played} 38... Ree4 39. g5 Rg4 40. gxh6 gxh6 41. Qe2 Rce4 {and if} 42. Qc2 d4 43. Qc7+ Re7) 39. g5 hxg5 40. hxg5 fxg5 41. Qh5 Rf4 42. Kg3 d4 43. Qxg5 Rf3+ 44. Kg4 Rd7 45. Qg6 Kf8 46. Bh4 d3 47. Qe6 Rf7 48. Qd6+ Kg8 49. Be7 d2 50. Qb8+ Kh7 51. Qh2+ 1/2-1/2 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.21"] [Round "13"] [White "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Black "Steinitz, Wilhelm"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "C52"] [Annotator "Lasker, Em."] [PlyCount "90"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 Ba5 6. O-O d6 7. d4 exd4 8. cxd4 Nf6 9. e5 dxe5 10. Ba3 Be6 {[So far everything is book. It has always been the opinion that Black, although two pawns ahead, will not be able to develop his pieces, as ...0-0 is prevented and the King dare not occupy the center any length of time. Black seems to believe that he may get his King safely castled Queenside: but this game does not corroborate such an opinion, in spite of the success which attends that maneuver in this instsnce.]} 11. Bb5 {[Tchigorin's favorite post for the Bishop in the Evans Gambit.]} Qd5 12. Qa4 O-O-O 13. Bxc6 bxc6 14. Bc5 Bb6 15. Qa6+ ({White ultimately wins the Exchange by this maneuver, but at an enormous expense. It would have been better to leave things as the were, and to continue simply with} 15. Nxe5 {If then} Nd7 ( {and if} 15... Ne4 16. Bxb6 cxb6 17. Qxa7 {equalizes the material with the position in White's favor}) 16. Nxc6 {must win the Exchange.}) 15... Kb8 16. Nxe5 Nd7 17. Nc3 Nxc5 18. Qe2 Qd6 19. dxc5 Qxc5 20. Na4 Qb5 21. Qxb5 cxb5 22. Nxb6 axb6 23. Nc6+ Kb7 24. Nxd8+ Rxd8 25. a3 c5 26. f3 Kc6 27. Rfd1 Ra8 { [A Rook is very well qualified to support advancing pawns and to check the approach of the hostile King. It is judicuous play to avoid its exchange for the present.]} 28. Kf2 Ra4 29. Ke3 h5 {[Advancing these pawns, which constitute the only weakness in Black's camp, protects the them against any possible attack by the Rooks or King.]} 30. Kd2 b4 31. axb4 Rxb4 32. Rdb1 Rxb1 {[Now it is just as well to simplify, the two connected passed pawns supported by the King and Bishop being more than a match for King and Rook. Black need only take care to leave the passed pawns as much as possible on dark squares not dominated by the Bishop.]} 33. Rxb1 b5 34. Ra1 b4 35. Kc2 Kd5 36. Rd1+ Kc4 37. Rd8 Bd5 38. h4 Kd4 39. Rb8 Be6 40. Rb7 g6 41. Rb5 b3+ 42. Kb2 c4 43. Rb4 Kd3 44. Rb6 c3+ 45. Kb1 Ke3 {[%CAl Re6f5] [Black threatens 46...Bf5+, while 46. g4 would be answered by 46...Kxf3. White is therefore perfectly helpless.]} 0-1 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.23"] [Round "14"] [White "von Bardeleben, Curt"] [Black "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "D02"] [Annotator "Pillsbury, H. N."] [PlyCount "60"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. d4 d5 2. Nf3 Bg4 3. e3 ({The more agressive} 3. c4 {is mostly preferred.}) 3... e6 4. Be2 Nd7 5. b3 Ngf6 6. Bb2 Bd6 7. Nbd2 c6 ({This move might at any rate be reserved, and the sequel shows that a move is lost, since later Black plays ...c6-c5.} 7... O-O {at once seems to be preferable.}) 8. Ne5 ({The Stonewall formation which White obtains now is not very powerful without the aid of the King's Bishop at d3 for attacking purposes. After} 8. O-O O-O 9. c4 Qe7 10. Re1 {White evidently did not like Black's rejoinder} e5 ({or should Black play} 10... Rfe8 {then} 11. Qc2 e5 12. dxe5 Nxe5 13. Nxe5 Bxe5 14. Bxe5 Qxe5 15. Bxg4 Nxg4 16. Nf3 {with a good game, as Black will either have to submit to an isolated d-pawn or allow White to gain time to develop his Rooks on the d-file}) 11. dxe5 Nxe5 {but after} 12. Nxe5 Bxe2 13. Nxc6 {he wins at least a pawn. All other variations on the foregoing appear to yield White at least an equal position.}) 8... Bxe2 9. Qxe2 O-O 10. f4 (10. e4 {here seems quite reasonable for White.}) 10... Rc8 11. O-O c5 12. Rac1 ({If White intended to attack the King by means of Rf3 and Rh3, as usual in the Stonewall variation, it would be better to continue} 12. c3 {[%CAl Yf1f3,Yf3h3] here.}) 12... cxd4 (12... Qa5 {at once seems superior.}) 13. exd4 Qa5 14. Nd3 Ba3 15. Bxa3 Qxa3 16. c4 b6 17. g4 (17. g4 Qd6 {.}) ({White's d-pawn is the weak spot in his position, and Black threatens 17...Qd6. There was no necessity for such a suicidal move as the text, however, and it would seem that} 17. b4 {[%CAl Yc4c5] (threatening 18.c5)} dxc4 18. Nxc4 Qa4 19. Nd6 Rxc1 20. Rxc1 Nd5 21. Qb2 {gives White a slight advantage.}) 17... Qd6 {[Winning at least a pawn.]} 18. Ne5 dxc4 19. Rxc4 b5 {[This White apparently overlooked.]} 20. Rxc8 Qxd4+ 21. Kh1 Rxc8 22. Ndf3 {[Desperate, but there is nothing to be done.]} Qxf4 23. Nxd7 Nxd7 24. Qxb5 Nf6 25. Ng5 Qc7 ({Black can safely play} 25... Qxg4 {in view of} 26. Rg1 ({or} 26. Nxf7 Qe4+ 27. Kg1 Rc2 {winning easily}) 26... Qd4) 26. Nxf7 ( 26. Nxf7 {Of course a final error, overlooking that} Qxf7 27. g5 Qd7 {retains the piece, but his game was lost anyway.}) 26... Qxf7 27. Qe5 Qd7 28. Re1 Qd5+ 29. Qxd5 exd5 30. Re7 Rc1+ 0-1 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.24"] [Round "15"] [White "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Black "Tinsley, Samuel"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "C00"] [Annotator "Tarrasch, S."] [PlyCount "77"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e6 2. Qe2 b6 ({Stronger is} 2... Be7 {or 2...Bc5.}) 3. Nc3 Bb7 4. Nh3 Nc6 5. d3 Qe7 {[The whole game needs very little comment. Both players open in an original manner, and after a rather long fight for position Tchigorin gets an opportunity for attack. Black loses the game not through any particular mistake, but from White's stronger play in general.]} 6. Be3 O-O-O 7. f3 { [In order to play 8.Bf2 after Black's 7...d5.]} Nf6 8. O-O-O d5 9. Bf2 d4 10. Nb1 e5 11. Be1 Qe6 12. b3 h6 13. g3 g5 {[This is not good, as now the advance of White's f-pawn and the opening of the f-file gain importance.]} 14. f4 g4 15. fxe5 Nxe5 16. Nf4 Qd6 {[White now has a much better game.]} 17. Bg2 h5 18. Kb2 a5 19. Rf1 Be7 20. Bd2 Bc6 21. Rde1 Nfd7 22. Nd5 {[The beginning of a decisive attack.]} Bxd5 23. exd5 Rde8 24. Rf5 f6 25. Qe4 Qc5 26. d6 Bxd6 27. Qa8+ Nb8 28. Rxf6 Rhf8 29. Ref1 Rxf6 30. Rxf6 c6 {[Black's position is broken up and will soon be entirely destroyed. The position of White's Queen is peculiar, and also the absolutely safe position of White's King though only protected by the Knight. It is also worthy of note that Tchigorin took, from the 31st to the 39th move, no less than fifty-six minutes, but each move is of the greatest accuracy and precision. (This game, which was adjourned at the curious position after 30...c6, caused much interesting discussion in the interval as to whether White's Queen could get out without loss, and the opinions expressed among the spectators as to the chances of the game were remarkably varied. -Cheshire)]} 31. Be4 Ned7 32. Bf5 Re5 33. Bxd7+ Kxd7 34. Qb7+ Bc7 35. Bf4 Qe7 36. Bxe5 Qxe5 37. Rf7+ Kd8 38. Rf8+ Ke7 39. Qc8 1-0 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.26"] [Round "16"] [White "Vergani, Beniamino"] [Black "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "C55"] [Annotator "Blackburne, J. H."] [PlyCount "72"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Nf6 4. d3 Bc5 5. O-O ({It is better not to castle too early in this opening.} 5. Be3 {or 5.Nc3 is preferable.}) 5... d6 6. Be3 Bxe3 ({This is now considered stronger than retiring} 6... Bb6) 7. fxe3 Na5 8. Bb3 c6 9. Qe2 (9. Nc3 {[%CAl Yc3e2,Ye2g3] with the idea of Ne2-g3, is the right line of play.}) 9... O-O 10. Nbd2 Qe7 11. c3 ({Bad play; this pawn ought not to be moved.} 11. Nh4 {could be played safely, for instance} Nxb3 12. axb3 Nxe4 13. Nxe4 d5 (13... f5 14. Nxf5 Bxf5 15. Ng3 {remaining with Knight against Bishop}) 14. Nf6+ gxf6 15. Qh5 {and White recovers the pawn with a good game.}) 11... Nxb3 12. Nxb3 ({Again bad play.} 12. axb3 {was the proper continuation.}) 12... d5 13. exd5 Nxd5 14. Nfd2 ({White already has a weak position, and this move does not improve it. He certainly ought to prevent ... f7-f5 as long as possible, and therefore} 14. c4 {followed by 15.e4 would have been the correct course.}) 14... Qg5 15. Rae1 Bg4 16. Qf2 f5 17. Kh1 ({A useless move. The position is desperate, and therefore something must be attempted.} 17. e4 {leads to some lively variations, for after} fxe4 18. Nxe4 Rxf2 19. Nxg5 Rxb2 20. Rxe5 {White can make a fight.}) 17... Qg6 18. Nc1 f4 19. e4 Ne3 20. Rg1 Qh5 21. Nf3 ({This loses the Exchange at least.} 21. Nf1 { instead would undoubtedly prolong the game.}) 21... Nxg2 22. Nxe5 Bh3 23. Rxg2 Bxg2+ 24. Qxg2 Qxe5 25. Qf3 Rae8 26. d4 Qe6 27. e5 Re7 28. Rg1 h6 29. b3 ({ This is wasted move. There is no use trying to save a useless pawn in a position of this kind. White's only chance was} 29. Nd3 {at once.}) 29... g5 30. Nd3 Rg7 31. h3 Kh8 32. Nc5 Qf5 33. Ne4 h5 34. Nf6 g4 35. hxg4 hxg4 36. Qe4 ({All other moves are equally fatal, for} 36. Rxg4 {would still have been answered by} Rxf6) 36... Rxf6 0-1 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.27"] [Round "17"] [White "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Black "Albin, Adolf"] [Result "1/2-1/2"] [ECO "C00"] [Annotator "Pillsbury, H. N."] [PlyCount "116"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e6 2. Qe2 Nc6 3. Nf3 e5 {[Bringing about an open game, with the White Queen indifferently placed.]} 4. g3 Bc5 5. c3 Bb6 6. d3 d5 7. Bg2 d4 8. O-O Bg4 9. Na3 a6 10. Nc4 Ba7 11. h3 Bxf3 12. Bxf3 h6 13. Nd2 Nf6 14. c4 g5 15. Bg2 Rg8 16. a3 Ne7 17. Nf3 Ng6 18. Nh2 Qd7 ({The position appears slightly in Black's favor - in closed positions of this nature Knights are generally better than Bishops for attacking purposes. Black might here have avoided the exchange of Queens by} 18... Qe7 {[%CAl Ye8c8] and 19...0-0-0.}) 19. Qf3 Qe6 20. Qf5 c6 21. Qxe6+ fxe6 22. b4 Rc8 23. a4 Bb8 24. Bd2 Bc7 25. Bf3 Kd7 26. Ng4 Nxg4 27. hxg4 Nh8 28. Kg2 Ra8 29. Rfb1 Rgb8 30. Bd1 b6 31. b5 {[White is playing to win, while his opponent is willing to draw. In attempting to force matters White presently gets into some difficulty.]} axb5 32. cxb5 cxb5 33. Rxb5 Nf7 34. Rb2 Nd6 35. Bb3 b5 (35... b5 {A good move and putting White on the defensive, as he cannot advance the pawn} 36. a5 {or it would be lost (Black could then attack it by} Ra6 {[%CAl Yb8a8] then 37...Rba8 and 38...Nb7).}) 36. Rba2 bxa4 37. Bxa4+ Ke7 38. Rc1 Ba5 {[Another fine move, and the draw which White is now compelled to force is all that is left.]} 39. Bxa5 Rxa5 40. Rc7+ Kf6 41. Rh7 Rba8 42. Rc2 Rxa4 43. Rcc7 {[Very neat. Black's King is so surrounded by his own pawns that he cannot use his extra piece.]} Rg8 44. Rxh6+ Rg6 45. Rhh7 Ra3 46. Rcd7 Ra6 47. Kf1 Rg8 48. Rh6+ Rg6 49. Rhh7 Rg8 50. Rh6+ Rg6 51. Rhh7 Ra1+ 52. Kg2 Ra6 53. Kh3 Ra1 54. Kh2 Ra6 55. Kg2 Rb6 56. Ra7 Rg8 57. Rh6+ Rg6 58. Rhh7 Rg8 {[A fine game, with a most instructive ending.]} 1/2-1/2 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.28"] [Round "18"] [White "Mieses, Jacques"] [Black "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Result "1/2-1/2"] [ECO "C45"] [Annotator "Schiffers, E."] [PlyCount "104"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 exd4 4. Nxd4 Qh4 5. Nb5 Qxe4+ 6. Be2 ({In my opinion, after} 6. Be3 {White obtains a much better chance of a successful attack.}) 6... Bb4+ 7. Bd2 Kd8 8. O-O Bxd2 9. Nxd2 ({Blackburne playing against Steinitz varied with} 9. Qxd2 {and then 10.N1c3, which better pleases me.}) 9... Qf4 10. g3 ({The moves up to the present stage are the same as in Vienna-London, Correspondence 1872. Here Vienna continued} 10. c4 {to which Black replied} Nf6 ) 10... Qh6 11. Nc4 Nge7 12. Qd3 a6 13. Nd4 Nxd4 14. Qxd4 Nc6 15. Qc3 Re8 16. Bf3 Qf6 {[Indispensable, as White threatened 17.Bxc6 bxc6 18.Ne5. After the exchange of Queens Black will find it difficult turn to account the extra doubled pawn.]} 17. Qxf6+ gxf6 18. Bd5 Re7 19. Rfe1 d6 20. Rxe7 Kxe7 21. Re1+ Kf8 22. Be4 Be6 23. Ne3 Kg7 24. Nd5 Bxd5 25. Bxd5 Nb4 26. Bb3 Kf8 27. Re4 Nc6 28. Rh4 Kg7 29. Rg4+ Kh8 30. Rf4 {[Evidently White cannot take the f-pawn.]} Ne5 {[If Black defends the pawn at f6, then a draw ensues after 31.Rg4.]} 31. Rxf6 Kg7 32. Rf4 Re8 33. Kg2 c6 34. Re4 d5 35. Re1 Re6 36. f4 Ng4 37. Rxe6 fxe6 38. c3 c5 39. h3 Ne3+ 40. Kf2 Nf5 41. g4 Nd6 42. Ke3 b6 43. f5 exf5 44. Bxd5 fxg4 45. hxg4 Kf6 46. Kf4 h6 47. a3 a5 48. b3 Ne8 49. b4 cxb4 50. cxb4 axb4 51. axb4 Nc7 52. Bc6 Ke6 1/2-1/2 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.30"] [Round "19"] [White "Pollock, William Henry Kraus"] [Black "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "C51"] [Annotator "von Bardeleben, C."] [PlyCount "80"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 Ba5 6. d4 exd4 7. O-O d6 8. cxd4 Bb6 9. Nc3 Na5 10. Bg5 f6 11. Bh4 ({I prefer} 11. Bf4) 11... Ne7 12. Re1 ( {A weak move. White should have played} 12. Qe2 {and if} Bg4 13. Rad1 {By this line of play White would prepare the advance of his e-pawn better than by 12. Re1.}) 12... Bg4 13. e5 {[This proves to be disadvantageous.]} dxe5 14. dxe5 Qxd1 15. Raxd1 Nxc4 16. exf6 gxf6 17. Bxf6 ({If} 17. Nd5 {then} O-O-O 18. Nxe7+ Kb8 {and Black has the better game.}) 17... Kf7 18. Bxe7 Bxf3 19. gxf3 Ba5 20. Rd7 Nb6 {[An excellent move, which practically decides the game in Black's favor.]} 21. Rxc7 Rhc8 22. Rxb7 Bxc3 23. Ba3+ Kf6 24. Ree7 Rg8+ 25. Kf1 Rad8 26. Rf7+ Kg6 27. Kg2 Nc4 28. Bc5 Rd5 29. Bf8 Nd2 30. Ba3 Rf5 31. Rfc7 Rg5+ 32. Kh3 Bf6 33. f4 Rh5+ 34. Kg2 Kf5+ 35. Kh1 Nf3 36. Rb5+ Ke6 37. f5+ Rxf5 38. Rc6+ Kd7 39. Rd6+ Kc7 40. Rb1 Rh5 0-1 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.08.31"] [Round "20"] [White "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Black "Janowsky, David M"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "C26"] [Annotator "Teichmann, R."] [PlyCount "32"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nc3 Nf6 3. d3 {[Shutting his King's Bishop in, and allowing the second player the initiative.]} d5 4. exd5 Nxd5 5. Qe2 {[An unfavorable place for the Queen in open games. He ought to have developed his Kingside as quickly as possible.]} Nc6 6. Bd2 Be7 7. O-O-O O-O 8. Qf3 (8. g3 {[%CAl Yf1g2] and 9...Bg2 were imperative now.}) 8... Be6 9. Nge2 f5 {[Black now has a splendid development, while all the White pieces are most unfavorably placed.]} 10. Qh3 Qd6 11. Nxd5 Qxd5 12. Nc3 Qa5 13. a3 ({We know that "Interdum dormitat Homerus", but this is too feeble, and really playing for self-mate. The only way to avoid immediate disaster was} 13. Nb1 {giving up the pawn, but even then he could not have held out very long.}) 13... Bxa3 (13... Bxa3 {Obvious enough. If} 14. bxa3 Qxa3+ 15. Kb1 Nb4 {and mate cannot be averted.}) 14. Nb1 ( {Overlooking the forced mate. But if} 14. Be1 Bb4 15. Kb1 b5 {followed by 16... Bxc3 17.Bxc3 b4 and Black must win.}) 14... Bxb2+ 15. Kxb2 Qa2+ 16. Kc1 Nd4 { [It was certainly very hard on Tchigorin, that he had such a day of chess-blindness so near to the end of the tournament, when he was leading and first prize seemed a certainty for him, but such are the vicissitudes of chess. ]} 0-1 [Event "Hastings"] [Site "Hastings"] [Date "1895.09.02"] [Round "21"] [White "Schlechter, Carl"] [Black "Chigorin, Mikhail"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "C79"] [Annotator "Steinitz, W."] [PlyCount "156"] [EventDate "1895.08.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "21"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [SourceTitle "Hastings 1895"] [Source "Pickard & Son"] [SourceDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "2010.01.15"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O d6 6. d4 Nd7 {[The idea of blocking the Bishop with the Knight for both White and Black was first brought out by Steinitz, and singularly enough, each time in a game against Blackburne. As White the plan occurred in the Steinitz-Blackburne match of 1876, and as Black in a Three Knights Game in the London 1883 tournament. In this opening the main object of the retreat is to avoid the necessity of exchanging center pawns, and thus to keep the White King's Knight inactive. The judment about the efficacy of this scheme involves the question whether the Black King's Knight should be brought out previously at f6 or e7.]} 7. Nc3 Be7 8. Ne2 ({ It is always worthwhile to obtain two Bishops against Knight and Bishop early. } 8. Nd5 {planning 9.Nxe7 followed by 10.Re1 was therefore stronger.}) 8... O-O 9. c3 Bf6 10. Ng3 Ne7 11. Bb3 (11. Bc2 {is generally preferble in such positions, as it gives more freedom to the b-pawn, which it may be useful to advance in some contingencies}) (11. Nh5 Ng6 12. Bxd7 Bxd7 13. Nxf6+ Qxf6 14. dxe5 Nxe5 15. Nd4 {with the better game, was also worth trying for.}) 11... Ng6 12. Be3 Re8 13. Qd2 Ndf8 14. dxe5 ({More lively and promising was} 14. Ng5 Ne6 15. Nxe6 Bxe6 16. Bxe6 Rxe6 17. f3 {Dry dullness reigns in this game for a long time after the exchanges initiated by the text move.}) 14... dxe5 15. Qxd8 Bxd8 16. Ng5 Bxg5 17. Bxg5 Be6 18. Ne2 ({Neumann and Winawer have first shown that the Knight is more often stronger than the Bishop when a pawn is doubled in the camp of the latter. It was, therefore, all the more objectionable to allow his pawns to be doubled here, as the adversary still had both Knights on the board.} 18. Bc2 {retaining the two Bishops, was best.}) 18... Bxb3 19. axb3 Ne6 20. Be3 Rad8 21. Rfd1 f6 22. f3 Kf7 23. Kf2 Ke7 24. g3 Ngf8 25. Ke1 Nd7 26. Nc1 g5 27. Nd3 h5 28. Ke2 Rh8 29. b4 Rdg8 30. Rg1 g4 {[Life and spirit has been infused by Mr. Tchigorin into an apparently barren position, which did not seem capable of such interesting attacking possibilities.]} 31. f4 Nd8 ( 31... exf4 {would have either isolated Whites's e-pawn, or given Black two pawns one on the Kingside, which being supported by heavier pieces was rather stronger than White's similar constellation in the center.}) 32. f5 (32. Rad1 Nf7 33. Nc5 Nd6 34. Nxd7 Kxd7 35. Bc5 {leads to equalization, and White could expect no more.}) 32... Nf7 33. Nf2 Nd6 34. Bc5 Nb6 35. Nd1 ({Again an easy draw could have been secured by} 35. Bxd6+ {or 35.Bxb6 followed by 36.b3. This and the following movements of the Knight imperil his game, as the root of his central position, the e-pawn, is left without good support.}) 35... Nbc8 36. Ne3 Kf7 37. Nd5 c6 38. Nc7 Nxe4 39. Rad1 Nxc5 40. bxc5 Rd8 41. Ne6 Rxd1 42. Rxd1 Ke7 43. h4 {[White was bound to stop the advance of the adverse h-pawn, which would also make room for the Black Rook to attack the f-pawn later by ... Rh5.]} gxh3 44. Rh1 Kf7 45. Rxh3 Ne7 46. g4 h4 47. c4 Ng6 {[A fine move. Black threatens 48...Nf8 in case White refuses to exchange at once.]} 48. fxg6+ Kxe6 49. g7 Rg8 50. Rxh4 Rxg7 51. Ke3 Kf7 52. b4 Kg6 {[Threatening 53...Rh7.]} 53. Rh3 f5 54. gxf5+ Kxf5 55. Rh5+ Ke6 56. Rh6+ Kd7 57. b5 ({White's defense, after the loss of the pawn, has developed remarkable resources of resistance up to this point, where his tenacity breaks down.} 57. Kd3 {would have made it at least extremely difficult for Black to win, and opened various prospects of a draw.}) 57... axb5 58. cxb5 cxb5 59. Ke4 Re7 60. Rb6 Kc7 61. Rxb5 Kc6 { [The manner in which Black gains the move, and consequently the pawn, is an instructive lesson for students.]} 62. Ra5 Re8 63. Ra7 Re6 64. Ra5 ({In a similar way if} 64. Kf5 Re8 65. Ke4 Re7) 64... Re7 65. Ra1 Kxc5 66. Rc1+ Kd6 ({ This might have delayed the outcome. The precise way of winning, as pointed out by Mr. Tchigorin, was} 66... Kb4 67. Rb1+ Kc3 68. Rc1+ ({or} 68. Rb5) ({or } 68. Rb6 Kc4) 68... Kb2 69. Rc5 Kb3 {and Black will support his pawn with the King at b4 or c4 in a few moves.}) 67. Rd1+ Kc6 68. Rc1+ Kd7 69. Rd1+ Kc8 70. Rd5 ({If White had now played} 70. Rb1 {Black could not win except by entering on a war with his King downward again, and adopting the process shown in the last note.}) 70... Kc7 71. Rc5+ Kd6 72. Rb5 Kc6 73. Rb1 b5 74. Rc1+ Kb6 75. Rb1 Re8 {[A fine ending, and typical of its kind.]} 76. Rb2 Kc5 77. Rc2+ Kb4 78. Rb2+ Kc4 0-1
Embed code:
Game Url: